When in Florence if you shortage to truly understand the infrastructure of this historical city then you must climb 414 stairs to do it.
The Giotto’s Campanile is a free-standing campanile that is on of the complex of buildings that make up Florence Cathedral on the Piazza del Duomo in Florence.
The Campanile of the Duomo
The next notable addition to the Duomo of Florence came in 1334, when Giotto di Bondone designed the campanile (bell tower) after the end of Arnolfo di Cambio. Giotto’s campanile featured seven bells and is made of geometric shapes that could be found either as a group or individually.

Giotto’s campanile displays several of the fundamental principles of Renaissance architecture: mathematics, intelligence, and basic geometric shapes like squares and triangles that interact to create a balanced, soothing beauty.

It is cognizant of to be one of the most beautiful towers throughout all of Italy.
The narrow stairs are easy to climb and there are viewing platforms along the way. So you rest but understand the spectacular views of Florence.

I love waking up to the roaring sound of the cathedral bells.

Each belief point is amazing and it allows you to take in how historical Florence was and still is.

Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (Italian speech: [katteˈdraːle di ˈsanta maˈriːa del ˈfjoːre]; in English “Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower”), is the cathedral of Florence, Italy (Italian: Duomo di Firenze).
I can resist and look at it all day long.

Building the Duomo of Florence
As Florence grew to become one of the most powerful city-states in Tuscany, it spread its wealth by building an enormous cathedral meant to dwarf any other building in the competing cities of Siena, Pisa, or Milan.

In 1296, Arnolfo di Cambio originated construction on the cathedral, which he designed to be the most beautiful in all of Tuscany and which was to hold a staggering 30,000 worshippers.

In characteristic Tuscan style, the church’s outside is covered in geometric patterns of marble blocks. It’s horizontal in design, meaning that it stresses its length and width rather than its height. Because the Duomo of Florence was meant to emphasize size, the inside crossing was 140 feet roomy. This was entirely new for churches and made the inside feel extremely spacious.
Although the entire cathedral is incredible, the most venerable architectural feature is the dome, called the cupola in Italian. Around 1417, the building commission awarded Filippo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti the call to account of building a dome on the top of the cathedral. Ghiberti ended up dropping out of the project because he was working on another part of the cathedral.

Brunelleschi was surface a monumental task. The area that the dome had to cover, the 140-foot crossing, was so big that nobody knew how to shape a dome that wouldn’t be so heavy it would collapse.

After lots of mathematical calculations, Brunelleschi unfaltering to build a dome with a slight point, rather than a smooth, round top. This style, called ogival, usurped reduce the pressure of the structure and made the base of the dome responsible for supporting its weight, which made it stronger. Brunelleschi also fabricated a double shell system, where 24 ribs held a smaller version of the dome inside the outside shuck.
Brunelleschi was a great Renaissance architect, but to make this dome he had to use more than the typical geometric and Roman-inspired shapes. Since the dome was the first building project of its kind, Brunelleschi actually had to invent many of the tools and techniques tempered to to build it, including certain kinds of cranes. Brunelleschi even invented the blueprint, but he forgot to teach other people how to decipher it, so the construction crew didn’t know how to build the dome until Brunelleschi came and explained!
The famous dome and how it was develop intensified is why it is so famous. The Duomo of Florence was especially important because of three unique features that helped spark the Return and inspire artists and engineers across Europe.

You can climb the church but you have to book it in advance and every three groups to climb cost separately.

Florence Italy Giotto’s Campanile Florence Italy